What You Need to Know about Glass
It doesn’t matter whether it is manufactured from Timber, Aluminium or PVC, or whether we call it a Conservatory, Orangery or Garden Room, the most important factors concerning the use of your glazed extension are the specifications of the glass used and ventilation. Richmond Oak Clients can expect only the top glazing specifications. Here we are concerned with the glass type.
Most people are still of the belief that a structure with a lot of glass, in the roof or frames, will be too Hot in the Summer and too Cold in the Winter. This was true of most conservatories prior to 2000, when Solar Control glass was not readily available in the domestic market and a high proportion of conservatories had polycarbonate sheet roofing or standard clear glass, which could be slightly improved upon by bronze anti-sun glass. However, the latter was not terribly efficient and significantly reduced the light with an orange glow to the interior.
We are going to discuss the benefits of modern glass, which will provide a comfortable environment and enable use of a conservatory all year around. However, it is important to understand that many Companies and their representatives rely on the average customer’s lack of knowledge and sell low cost glass of inferior specifications, which are not ‘fit for purpose’ and will make the conservatory unfit for use for a large percentage of the year.
The correct toughened glass is strong and long lasting, allowing a clear view of your garden and the views beyond, as well as plenty of daylight into the interior of the conservatory and the room behind.
Unless a full Building Regulations project, Conservatory Glass is only covered by Building Regulations Part N (Safety Glass). Your conservatory designer or builder should be familiar with these and how to choose the correct glass for different places in the conservatory.
To be energy efficient and keep your heating bills low, you will need to choose glazing with the best glass u-values (heat loss values), in combination with other types of glass described here.
Heat reflective glass also known as Energy Efficient Glass, will reduce the amount of heat loss from the conservatory and glare from the sun. There are two aspects to heat reflection… Heat deflection on a hot day (Solar control glass) and heat retention on a cold day (Low emissivity glass, typically known as Low-E)
Toughened safety glass is typically used in conservatories, as it is very strong and 30% lighter in weight than laminated glass making it preferable for roofs.
However, for security for frames, we recommend a combination of a 4mm toughened and a 6.8mm laminated pane, meeting the highest standards of increased security, providing a 98% u-v filter to protect your furnishings, and the different glass thicknesses combined with laminated glass provides superior soundproofing.
"What you need to know when planning to Improve Your Home with a Conservatory or Orangery"
Keeping the Heat In on a Cold Day
Keeping the Heat Out on a Hot Day
Solar Control Glass
For most glazed extensions provided by Richmond Oak we recommend the soft Blue Tint, SmartGlass™ Ultra86 blue-tint Solar Control Glass for the Roof, and SmartGlass™ W Ultimate Solar Control Glass in the Frames. We recommend SmartGlass™ Neutral Plus in the roof if predominantly, east or north facing, or if the customer does not want a blue tint or does artwork in the conservatory, where tinted glass will affect colours.
Solar Control Glass is designed to absorb and deflect heat off the glass and keep it out of the glazed extension. It does this by use of coatings and colour of the glass. Suffice to say that you should opt for glass that has the highest heat deflection offered.
For the Roof:
Richmond Oak recommends SmartGlass™ Ultra86, blue tint, solar control glass for the roof as, at 86% heat reflection, it equals the maximum heat deflection of the best alternative. Currently the most recent upgrade of Pilkington Active Blue roof glass only reflects 69%, making SmartGlass™ Ultra86 over 24.6% more efficient. It also has a 91% uv light filterage, keeping out harmful uv light, which causes fading and damage to furnishing and floors.
For the Frames:
Richmond Oak recommends SmartGlass™ W Ultimate solar control glass for the frames, especially on South and West facing glazing, where it’s 50%+ heat reflection on a hot day keeps the room far cooler. But we also recommend it on North and East facing glazing, because its 1.0 u-value makes it up to 20% more efficient than typical soft coat non-solar control glass, keeping the heat in on a cold day. Plus, it has a 6.8mm laminated pane meeting the highest standards of increased security, providing a 98% u-v filter to protect your furnishings, and the different glass thickness & laminated glass provides superior soundproofing.
Cool In The Summer
Leaded Conservatory Glass
Leaded glass, also known as Leaded Lights is a throwback to the time when all glass was hand cast and thus only available in small pieces. These pieces would then cut to a diamond or rectangular shape and joined together by lead to make a single window. Coloured/Stained glass is made in the same way.
Using leaded glass can help you receive Planning Permission for a conservatory being attached to Listed Building or one in a Conservation Area.
Modern leaded glass is not made using the same time consuming process of joining small pieces of glass together. Instead, lead strips are inserted both inside and outside of one of the panes of a double–glazed unit. A disadvantage can be the lead does not acquire a natural patina as it is not exposed to the elements and stays bright and shiny.
Richmond Oak can overcome this problem by specifying the lead strips to be aged before being inserted into the double–glazed unit. We call this Antique Lead.
If you own a Georgian period property, it will probably have windows made up from Georgian Bars. Georgian windows are most typically made up of a number of panes.
It is possible to make Georgian Bar double–glazed windows for a conservatory with multiple panes, but these will be more expensive than single panes of glass due to extra time and materials needed to make and install them. Each unit requires 8 mitres to cut and fit each side. So just an eight pane window requires 128 mitres.
There are three ways of providing Georgian Bars:
- A Bar inserted between the panes of the glass double glazed unit. This is the least costly and used mainly in PVC conservatories.
- Astragal bars – where an imitation Georgian bar is adhered to the glass either side of the double-glazed unit and a further imitation spacer bar is inserted between the glass, so that the effect is of individual panes. This method is particularly useful when requiring narrow Georgian bars and if done properly is indistinguishable from individual glazed panes.
- Individually glazed panes of glass within the Georgian Bars. Because of good glazing practice, it is not practical to provide this method with bars much less than 44mm wide, without using special slim-line, narrow gap units. Richmond Oak will not provide slim-line units, as they are extremely expensive and have a poor track-record of failing.
Satin Privacy & Obscured Glass
Satin Privacy glass can be provided on the sides or roof of a conservatory if privacy is an issue and you are overlooked by neighbours, or passing traffic. It is particularly useful when coupled with solar control glass, when used in the roof of a conservatory, if it is overlooked from upper windows.
You can choose glass in a variety of patterns and tints and can be etched with a sandblaster in different finishes. If single glazed, the patterned side of the glass needs to be on the inside of the conservatory so that dirt and grime can easily be removed from the flat outward facing side. In double–glazed units both the inside and outside can be flat, with the patterned side in the middle of the sandwich.
Curved Conservatory Glass
Curved 3D shaped glass is sometimes found in late-Victorian and Art Deco architecture. If you own a home from this period and wish your conservatory to harmonise with it, you may need to specify curved glass for some areas of the conservatory. This will be particularly important if you need to apply for Planning Permission for a Listed Building, or one in a Conservation Area, having this type of glass.
Curved glass can be made in laminated or toughened safety glass, in single as well as double–glazed units. It is also possible to have curved glass units in Heat Reflective Glass, but the tint may not be applied if you apply for Planning Permission for a period home. Curved glass is very expensive.
Self–cleaning glass was first introduced by Pilkington in 2001 and so has been in use for 18+ years and it will allow the conservatory glass to stay cleaner for a longer period than untreated glass. There is actually no such thing as ‘Self-Cleaning’ glass and we are surprised that the Advertising Standards Authority hasn’t barred the expression. With both specifications of glass, water such as rain is required to keep the glass clean. However the treatment of the glass finish significantly assists in improving the cleanliness of the glass and on balance, Richmond Oak recommends the very latest technology Self-Cleaning SmartGlass™ glazing.
The following article in the Glass Times provides a full description of the action of Self-Cleaning glass.
Glass Times Article 'Everything You Need to Know about Self-Cleaning Glass'
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